April and May are the perfect months for taking fuchsia cuttings, and once they have rooted and are transplanted they will give a colourful bloom by June. If you wanted to leave it a little later in the season, fuchsia cuttings will root from April to August. Propagating fuchsia cuttings is easy, and a great way to increase your plant stock for free! 10 cuttings can be taken from each parent plant.
- The day before taking cuttings, water the fuchsia to hydrate it thoroughly.
- Take fuchsia cuttings early in the day or later on in the evening. During the middle of the day is hotter and brighter, which means the cutting dehydrates quicker, which can hinder growth.
- Check the plant for disease as only healthy parent plants will produce strong cuttings.
- Before moving your newly propagated fuchsias outside ensure they have been properly hardened-off. Open propagator vents once the plants look healthy the lid can be removed so plants can acclimatise to their new environment.
- Make all cuts at a 45 degree angle when taking cuttings, so that any water that falls on the cutting is directed away from the bud.
1. Remove the stem just above the third set of leaves – the cutting should be around 2”-3” in length. Always cut just below a leaf joint (node) using a very sharp knife (take the cutting under the node as this contains the greatest concentration of hormone). If the cut isn’t clean, this can encourage disease, resulting in unhealthy cuttings that will struggle to establish strong roots. If the stem on the cutting is too long, it could encourage botrytis, which will rot the cutting.
2. We place the cutting in our Hydropod Propagator, which sprays a fine mist over the roots and gives them perfect access to water, nutrients and oxygen. This halves the times it takes for cuttings to root when compared to growing in compost. If propagating in compost - fill a 3” pot with compost, use a dibber to make a hole in the middle and insert the cutting into the medium with about half the length of the stem below the second set of leaves.
4. Once planted up, place fuchsia plants on a warm windowsill or in a heated propagator set to around 18C. Bottom heat will speed up the rooting time to around 12-14 days, and without this heat it might take around 1-2 weeks longer (if propagating in April/May it will probably take 2 weeks, and in colder or less bright conditions it might take 4 weeks). These should be left in a bright place out of direct sunlight.
5. When the fuchsia cuttings have rooted, they will be a slightly darker green colour – these should now be removed from the propagator and hardened-off by gently introducing them to outdoor temperatures. Once there is a healthy rootball showing around the outside of the compost, they can be planted outdoors.
6. After a few weeks, remove the tips of side shoots. This encourages new growth from the leaf joints and results in a larger number blooms. Pinching out can be repeated to encourage the plant to produce more side shoots for spectacular display!
Have a look at the coleus cutting we have rooted in the Hydropod - and there is a little more information about chrysanthemum and Geranium cuttings.
If you have any questions about the cuttings you are rooting, get in touch with our Gardening Angels on 0845 602 3774 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. We're always happy to hear from you